Map of Native North American language groupings in the 1700s.

Report of the executive council on the proceedings of the annual conference of the Society of American Indians.

The Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians: (Essays like “The Cooperation of the Two Races”, “The American Indian of Today”, “What the Indian Can Do for Himself”, “The Great End: Citizenship”, “The Reservation Fatal to the Development of Citizenship”, “The Menace of the Wild West Show”, “The Awakened American Indian”, “Paternalism Does Not Promote Progress”, and “Educated Indians are Successful”)

The 1795 Treaty of Greenville drew a line through modern-day Ohio and established American settlements south of line while removing all American Indian settlements to the north of the line, setting the stage for removal in the nineteenth century.

These two links contain the text of Article IX of the Treaty of Ghent, which marked the end of the War of 1812. This specific article returned to American Indians any possessions, rights, privileges to which they were entitled in 1811 before the War of 1812.


The Treaty at the Foot of the Rapids of 1817 (also known as the Treaty of Fort Meigs) marked the cession of certain Native lands (including those of the Wyandot, Shawnee, Seneca, and Lenape) in northwest Ohio in exchange for annual payments and small reservation townships in Ohio.


LEARN MORE   about the Terraces on the Ariel-Foundation Park main site!


The information for this site was prepared by Kenyon College students Teahelahn Keithrafferty, Catherine McGonagle, Ruby Messier, Allison Pratt, Emma Schurink, Schuyler Stupica, Henry Toohey, and Billy Weber, under the supervision of Dr. Patrick Bottiger. Photos as credited.